How is vocational education done in the world?

Education system in the world

When vocational and technical education systems are examined in the world, it is seen that there are significant differences between developed countries such as European Union, USA, Japan and Australia. The three major economies of the European Union, also known as the driving force, are Germany, France and England. There are significant differences between these three countries in terms of vocational and technical education systems. Considering the Asian continent, Turkey, Israel, Korea and Jordan relative to the number of students enrolled in vocational and technical education are among the countries which have increased significantly since the 1970s.

In terms of vocational and technical education systems, Germany, which is the most important economic power of the European Union, is not as common as other apprenticeship schools in Germany. Full-time vocational schools are located at least in medium-sized cities. Individuals in small settlements commute to these schools by public transport. Some vocational schools have boarding facilities for teachers / trainers. In addition, there are vocational boarding schools for disabled people in rural areas (Foster, 2005). The Japanese vocational technical education system was created by taking the German vocational technical education system as an example after the Second World War. Today, these two vocational and technical education systems are considered among the most successful applications in the world.

Germany's system.
Scheme of educational system in Germany

In the USA, public funding is provided for education financing from 1st to 12th grade. This training is provided free of charge. A student entering the education system at the age of 6 graduates at the age of 18. However, vocational education does not begin until high school education (9th-12th grades). Depending on the states and the state education system, students have several options for vocational education at secondary level. This can be in the 9th, 10th, 11th or even sometimes only in the 12th grade.

In France, general education lasts up to 15 years, followed by three options: vocational training, technical training and apprenticeship. The duration of professional training is two years in technical colleges. In these colleges, where approximately 20% of the age population is educated, education is carried out at work and during the production process. Although the duration of the technical programs varies according to the subjects, the duration of this training is 3 years. Graduates of these programs can participate in business life and continue to higher education.


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